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General Information on Georgia (source: www.nationmaster.com)

Summary:
Georgia is a country in the Kaukasus. The main religion is christianity. The main language is Georgian. Georgia seceded from the Soviet-Union in 1991. The country is a presidential democratic republic. Georgia has Abkhazian, Adzharian and South-Ossetian minorities. Abkhazia seceded from Georgia in 1992 but is internationally not recognized as an independent state and is legally part of Georgia.

Background:
Georgia was absorbed into the Russian Empire in the 19th century. Independent for three years (1918-1921) following the Russian revolution, it was forcibly incorporated into the USSR until the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Ethnic separation in Abkhazia and South Ossetia, poor governance, and Russian military bases deny the government effective control over the entirety of the state's internationally recognized territory. Despite myriad problems, some progress on market reforms and democratization has been made. An attempt by the government to manipulate legislative elections in November 2003 touched off widespread protests that led to the resignation of President Eduard SHEVARDNADZE.

Borders:
Armenia 164 km, Azerbaijan 322 km, Russia 723 km, Turkey 252 km

Population:
4,934,413 (July 2003 est.)

GDP per capita:
$3252.66 per person

 

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